In Liechtenstein, a referendum on dual citizenship took place on 30 August 2020, together with the popular vote on questions of gender parity in parliamentary representation, and the railway connection. Dual nationality was rejected by 61.5% of the voters, while 38.5% voted in favor of it.
On 20 October, the European Commission (EC) has issued letters of formal notice regarding the investor citizenship programmes in Cyprus and Malta, thus opening an infringement procedure against the two countries.
Over the last fifty years most states have expanded their electorate by offering voting rights to their citizens residing abroad. Turnout has, however, remained almost consistently low and only in a few occasions has the expat vote had a significant impact on electoral outcomes.
On 20 and 21 September 2020, Italian voters cast their ballots in a referendum to amend the Italian Constitution. Two core issue are put to popular vote: to reduce the number of Members of Parliament from 630 to 400 in the Chamber of Deputies and from 315 to 200 in the Senate.