Conditions for Electoral Rights 2019

The GLOBALCIT Conditions for Electoral Rights 2019 (CER 2019) includes information on the conditions and procedures of access to the franchise in the 28 EU Member States, 20 American countries, and in Australia, New Zealand, and Switzerland in 13 types of elections and for 3 categories of persons: citizen residents, non-citizen residents, and non-resident citizens. The database is organised around a comprehensive typology of electoral laws which outlines, in a systematic way, the conditions and procedure of eligibility for voting and standing as candidate, in each type of elections and for each category of persons.

CER 2019 reflects the legislation in force on 1 January 2019. The CER dataset stored at the EUI Research Data repository also contain the corrected CER 2015 and CER 2017 files, and the earlier versions of the database. The list of corrections is available here.

Please consult the Explanatory note: Conditions for Electoral Rights 2019 for further details of database organisation and contents.

Comparing electoral rights: citizen residents

Citizen residents' designates the category of persons who are citizens of a state in which an election is taking place and who are also permanent resident there. The database provides comprehensive information on the conditions and procedures of the right to vote and to stand as candidate for this target group. This includes a summary of legal provisions on minimum age requirements, Disenfranchisement on grounds of mental disability and criminal offence, as well as information regarding the registration procedure (automatic or active) and voting methods available in each type of elections, both for citizen residents and for citizens who are temporarily abroad on the day of election.

Election type / Country
Right to vote:
Right to stand as candidate
Registration mode


Please cite as follows: Arrighi Jean Thomas, Bauböck Rainer, Hutcheson Derek, Ostling Alina, Piccoli Lorenzo (2019), Conditions for Electoral Rights 2019, San Domenico di Fiesole: European University Institute.