Pathways to Citizenship in the EU

How have national policies evolved over the past five years in relation to the acquisition of citizenship? What are the criteria and procedures in place, and how costly and long is the process? What type of support do Member States provide to third-country nationals wishing to acquire citizenship? By exploring the national policies in EU Member States regarding the acquisition of citizenship for third-country nationals, this EMN Study provides a comparative overview of recent trends, frameworks and good practices from 25 Member States.

European Migration Network, Pathways to Citizenship in the EU, European Commission, 2020.